'When the sun rises the moon leaves sight. When true knowledge illuminates ignorance is eradicated.' - Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee - Ang 791 SGGS

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee gave a threefold path to humanity that would alleviate man of sorrow, redeem mankind from sin and elevate ones soul until it merges with the supreme Lord. The three Golden Rules are explained clearly in the work of Kavi Santokh Singh who wrote the history of the Ten Gurus in a fourteen volume magnum opus work called the Sri Gur Partap Sooraj. Within the first volume that is known as the Sri Gur Nanak Parkash he writes:

Haumai Thajan Naam Liv Laavan. Bhaanhaa Mananh Panth Eh Paavan. (Sri Gur Nanak Prakash, Poorabardh Adhyaye 27, Panna 359) Removing egotism, Joining with the Name of the Lord. Accepting the will of the Lord, so is this path of purity.


Essentially the Three Golden Rules are:

1.To eradicate ego within ones self - A Sikh is someone that wishes to merge back into the divine source he/she once came from – this divine Source is what we view to be God. The Sikh should have no desire of heaven, nor of worldly pleasure or kingdom. A common metaphor used to explain ego is that of a pitcher of water and the ocean. The water represents the soul and the ocean is like God. The pitcher represents the ego of a being, this is what causes the perception that we are separate to our source. Once the pitcher is broken the water is freed and ceases to hold any of its own identity, instead submits completely into the ocean. At this stage the water has become one and the same with the water and it is inseparable. The first golden rule teaches a Sikh to remove his ego so that he can merge back into the lord. The pitcher is the barrier between the water and the ocean in the same way ego is the veil between the soul and God.

2.To be absorbed and attuned to the Name of the Lord – The teachings of Sri Guru Granth Sahib prescribe the Sikh to be constantly attuned with the name of the Lord. This could be through recital, singing or even listening. The idea of meditation is simple, wherever one attunes his/her focus that is how one becomes. So if one were to constantly focus on the opposite gender then they would acquire the characteristics of that gender. In the same way if someone were to contemplate on the Lord then they would acquire the virtues of the Lord. This is the whole aim of meditation in the Sikh faith. Two substances must be of the same nature in order to blend with each other inseparably (as described above) – To merge with God one must have the virtues of God and this is why the this has been made the second golden rule.

3.To accept the will of the Lord – In the Jap(u) Jee of Guru Nanak Dev which is the first and foremost composition within Sri Guru Granth Sahib accepting the divine will of God is advocated as the method of reaching complete purity. Accepting the Will of the lord means building ones self through the message of Gurbani to become indifferent to whatever life throws at you: be it a time of joy or of sorrow. In the 17th Century Sikh women were imprisoned by the then governor of Lahore, they were subjected to great hardship and labor and their children were murdered brutally in front of them. The emotional torture and sadistic cruelty of the state had no limit: the limbs of their babies were strung in a garland and put in the neck of these ‘ill-fated’ mothers. Even then keeping true to this third golden rule they were recorded in history to have thanked the Lord for giving them the strength to accept his will.