'When the sun rises the moon leaves sight. When true knowledge illuminates ignorance is eradicated.' - Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee - Ang 791 SGGS

Translation and Adaptation of the Work of Giani Amarjit Singh Jee M.A (Kathavachak at Gurdwara Baba Gaandha Singh Jee, Barnala)

05-Guru Arjan Dev Ji with Aad Granth Jee

To this day, when the Khalsa Panth is to commence any task they perform an Ardhas before the Guru and a Hukumnama Sahib is taken. All the rites of a Sikh whether they are of birth, baptism, marriage or death are completed with a random reading from Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee known as a Hukumnama. Apart from this in all worldly and spiritual affairs Satguru Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee enlighten Sikhs with their divine edict.

Since olden times, the Hukumnama taken during the ambrosial hours (Amrit Vela) at Sri Darbar Sahib, Sri Amritsar is explained in a sermon format known as katha at Sri Manjee Sahib Diwan Hall. In other historical Gurdwaras and even newly made Gurdwaras whether abroad or in India it is the norm to have katha performed discussing the message of the Hukumnama. Without doubt all parts of Gurbani are to be considered as the command of the Guru but there is a special significance for Sikhs in the Hukumnama Sahib. It is a means to seek guidance and instruction from Guru Sahib. This tradition is followed throughout the Sikh populous and has always been performed at Sri Akal Takth Sahib and Sri Harmandir Sahib.Some foolish people often refer to a Hukumnama Sahib as being either ‘good’ or ‘bad’ depending on whether the Shabad was representative of their wishes or desires (according to their own ignorance). Sometimes in order to please the family or individual whose program it may be certain granthees who have no fear of Satguru Sahib and lack the knowledge of the True Guru choose to alter the Shabad to make it more fitting for the event (again through their own ignorance). Sometimes the line is crossed even further when paathees or granthees place bookmarks in the saroop of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee. This is completely wrong and disrespectful to the edict of the Guru.

The Guru that speaks

From the beginning Guru Sahib has always joined the Sikhs to Shabad. Satguru Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee blessed the Panth with the concept of: ‘Shabadh(u) Guru Surath Dhun Chelaa’. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Jee blessed the Panth with the same concept: ‘Poojaa Akaal Dhee, Parchaa Shabadh Dhaa, Dheedhaar Khaalsey Dhaa’. When Satguru Sahib Jee attached the Sikhs to the hem of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee in Nanded they gave the same instruction:

Soohee Mahallaa Panjvaan.
Santhaa Key Kaaraj(i) Aap(i) Khaloeiyaa Har(i) Kam(u) Karaavanh Aaeiyaa Raam.Dharath(i) Suhaavee Thaal(u) Suhaavaa Vich(i) Amrith Jal(u) Chhaaeiyaa Raam.The Lord Himself has stood up to resolve the affairs of the Saints; He has come to complete their tasksThe land is beautiful, and the pool is beautiful; within it is contained the Ambrosial Water.

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Jee Maharaj recited the complete Gurbanhee of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee from Ik-oankaar to Athareh Dhas Bees at Sri Damdama Sahib from memory. Bhai Manhee Singh Jee was the scribe throughout this and 48 Singhs were taught the deeper meanings of this complete version of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee. In order to preserve and propagate the correct method of performing katha (as done by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Jee), the deeper meaning of Gurbani, and the correct pronunciation of Gurbanhee two schools or taksals were created: 1. Baba Deep Singh Jee Waalee Taksaal, which is now known as the (Damdami) Bhindran Walee Taksaal 2. Shaheed Bhai Mani Singh Jee Waalee Taksaal, which is now known as Satho Kee Galee Walee Taksaal. When Satguru Sahib Jee completed this task of creating the ‘Damdami Bir’ (the final version of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee) they set off to Sachkhand Sri Abchal Nagar, Nanded (Takth Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib). Before setting off a complete and continuous recital of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee known as an Akhand Paath was commenced. This reading or path was completed on the 30th October 1706 after which a supplication was performed to seek blessings to depart towards Hazur Sahib. The Hukumnama Sahib that was given that day was:


“The Sangat asked whom the Master would attach them to (in the future). Hearing this pleading request Guru Sahib Jee said the following: “Now we will install (him) Guru who will redeem all (and make them) pure. Never aging, eternal and un-breaking will be this Guru and (he) shall always be benevolent. Indiscriminately, without bias this Guru will fulfill all’s desires.” Saying this Guru Sahib had the parkash (installation) of Guru Granth done. Placing 5 paise and a coconut Guru Sahib bowed. Completing a circumambulation (of Guru Granth Sahib Jee) Maharaj prostrated fully. After worshipping Guru Granth Sahib as the Guru all were made to do the same.”

Maharaj Sahib placed five paise and a coconut in front of Guru Granth Sahib Jee and prostrated saying:

“Recognize Granth Sahib in my place. (Only) The efforts of the Sikh who recognizes this will bear fruit.”

After this an Ardhaas was performed in front of the newly appointed Guru (Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee) and the Hukumnama that was given at that point marked the Gurgaddi of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee as well as the Sachkhand Gaman of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Jee:

Listening to this the Singhs became anxious, the Navaab of Kasoor: Usmaan Khaan had a great fort and a large army, engaging in battle with him would be a risky pursuit. A decision was made to wait for a suitable time to attack the Navaab. However one Bhai Hari Singh objected and said: ‘Even if no – one is to go I will go definitely’. Sardar Jassa Singh decided that a Hukumnama Sahib should be taken at Sri Darbar Sahib and the Panth would abide by whatever command Guru Sahib gives. Arriving at Harmandir Sahib an Ardas was performed: